Used as a broad screening tool to evaluate organ function and check for conditions such as diabetes, liver disease and kidney disease. Aids in the evaluation of potential risk factors for atherosclerotic heart disease.
Description: Includes Albumin; Alkaline Phosphatase, Total; ALT (SGPT); AST (SGOT); Bilirubin, Total; Calcium; Carbon Dioxide; Chloride; Creatinine; Glucose; Potassium; Protein, Total; Sodium; Urea Nitrogen, Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) (calculated); and Globulin (calculated). The Lipid Panel Includes: Cholesterol, Total; Triglycerides; HDL Cholesterol; LDL Cholesterol (calculated). The Lipid Panel aids in the evaluation of potential risk factors for atherosclerotic heart disease (ASHD), is used to evaluate hyperlipidemia as an index to coronary artery disease (CAD), to indicate the presence of dyslipoproteinemia, and to monitor lipoprotein-modifying drugs.
Risk factors to be considered when ordering a Lipid panel include:
- High Total Cholesterol
- Cigarette smoking
- Being overweight or obese
- Unhealthy diet
- Being physically inactive—not getting enough exercise
- Age (if you are a male 45 years or older or a female 50-55 years or older)
- Hypertension (blood pressure of 140/90 or higher or taking high blood pressure medications)
- Family history of premature heart disease (heart disease in a first degree male relative under age 55 or a first degree female relative under age 65)
- Pre-existing heart disease or already having had a heart attack
- Diabetes or prediabetes
Decreased lipids are found with some cases of malabsorption, malnutrition and advanced liver disease. In abetalipoproteinemia, cholesterol is less than 70 mg/dL.
Also known as: Metabolic Panel, Comprehensive; CMP; Met Comp. + Lipid Panel
Preparation: Patient should fast for 12 hours prior to testing.